Isolated Roux-en-Y versus single loop pancreaticojejunal reconstruction after pancreaticoduodenectomy – a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials



pancreaticoduodenectomy, isolated Roux-en-Y pancreaticojejunostomy, conventional pancreaticojejunostomy, pancreatic fistula


Background: Pancreaticoduodenectomy is a complex intra-abdominal operation used for the treatment of benign and malignant disease of the pancreatic head or periampullary region. Despite developments in surgical techniques, pancreaticoduodenectomy is still associated with high rate of postoperative complications. We performed this systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the surgical outcomes of isolated Roux-en-Y pancreaticojejunostomy (IRYPJ), and conventional pancreaticojejunostomy (CPJ).

Methods: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) statement. We searched the following electronic databases – PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and Published trials comparing the efficacy and safety of IRYPJ and CPJ after pancreaticoduodenectomy were evaluated. The search terms were “pancreaticoduodenectomy,” “Whipple,” “pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy,” “pancreaticojejunostomy,” “Roux-en-Y,” and “isolated Roux loop pancreaticojejunostomy.” Only randomised controlled trials comparing outcome of IRYPJ and CPJ after pancreaticoduodenectomy were included. The analysed outcome measures were postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF), clinically relevant POPF (CR-POPF), bile leak and delayed gastric emptying (DGE).

Results: The initial search yielded 342 results but only four randomised control trials fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were included for data synthesis and meta-analysis. Meta-analysis of POPF revealed that IRYPJ is associated with less POPF compared to CPJ but the difference was not statistically significant (risk ratio = 0.58, p = 0.56). A similar finding was also observed with CR-POPF (risk ratio = 0.17, p = 0.87) and DGE (risk ratio = 0.74, p = 0.46).

Conclusion: Isolated Roux-en-Y pancreaticojejunostomy is not associated with a superior outcome when compared to CPJ.

Author Biographies

EED Abu-Zeid, Soroka Medical Centre

Soroka Medical Centre, Israel

IU Garzali, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital

Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Nigeria

A Aloun, King Hussein Medical Centre

King Hussein Medical Centre, Amman, Jordan

AA Sheshe, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital

Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Nigeria






Hepatobiliary Surgery