Feasibility study on the use of the modified Finnish Diabetes Risk Score in South African context: a case of home-based carers

Authors

  • TM Mothiba University of Limpopo
  • MH Mphasha University of Limpopo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4812-5051
  • TT Molepo University of Limpopo
  • H Bastiaens University of Antwerp
  • J Wens University of Antwerp

Keywords:

competence, feasibility, Finnish Diabetes Risk Score, home-based carers, use

Abstract

Background: The Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) tool is used to identify undetected cases of diabetes and risk scores. The FINDRISC tool outlines questions to ask, including anthropometric parameters to measure, during screening and detection of diabetes cases. This study assessed the feasibility for the introduction of FINDRISC tool for use in South Africa. The aim is to determine the overall competence of home-based carers (HBCs) in utilising this tool.

Method: A quantitative approach and cross-sectional feasibility study was conducted involving 52 HBCs who were sampled using homogeneous purposive sampling. The study was conducted in clinics of Ga-Dikgale Village in Polokwane. A FINDRISC questionnaire was used to assess competence of HBCs. Data were analysed using SPSS, with both descriptive and inferential statistical analysis.

Results: None (0%) of the participants were fully competent, 6% were incompetent and 94% were moderately competent on use of the FINDRISC tool.

Conclusion: Most HBCs were moderately competent in the use of this tool, while none were competent. It is feasible that the FINDRISC tool can be adapted and utilised by HBCs in South Africa. However, a proper training should be offered to HBCs on the use of the FINDRISC tool. It is also recommended to assess components of requiring professionals considering the scope of work and qualification.

Author Biographies

TM Mothiba, University of Limpopo

Faculty of Healthcare Sciences, University of Limpopo, Polokwane, South Africa

MH Mphasha, University of Limpopo

Department of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, University of Limpopo, Polokwane, South Africa

TT Molepo, University of Limpopo

Department of Nursing, University of Limpopo, Polokwane, South Africa

H Bastiaens, University of Antwerp

Department of General Practice (S5), University of Antwerp, Wilrijk, Belgium

J Wens, University of Antwerp

Department of Family Practice, University of Antwerp, Wilrijk, Belgium

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Published

2023-12-12

Issue

Section

Original Research